Cork and cork oak

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Did you know that the cork, in fact, is a bark? Indeed, bark of cork oak (latin name: Quercus suber), whose wild species can be found in the Mediterranean area as well. Getting the cork is very interesting process – bark of a cork oak must be carefully peeled, from ground level to the first branches. After removing the bark , the tree begin to rebuild its wrapper so this procedure can be repeated after ten years as a tree needs to completely renew its bark.

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This exploitation of natural resources is ecologically acceptable because the tree (that can live over 200 years) doesn’t get hurt, and the environment doesn’t change. World Wildlife Fund (WWF ) has started a project with the aim of preserving the cork oak landscapes, because not only this is considerable source of income (the world’s biggest cork producer is Portugal), but cork forests are also home for endangered animal species such as the Pyrenees lynx, Adalbert eagle and Berber deer.

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